Abnormal psychology studies abnormalities in thoughts, behavior and feelings psychologists usually view abnormality in terms of somatogenic theory , which says that the cause of abnormality is biological, and psychogenic theory , which says that the cause of abnormality is psychological.
The humanistic approach in psychology developed as a rebellion against what some psychologists saw as the limitations of the behaviorist and psychodynamic psychology the humanistic approach is thus often called the “third force” in psychology after psychoanalysis and behaviorism (maslow, 1968) humanism rejected comparative psychology.
Intuitive: the idea that abnormality is when something does not occur, as stated by this definition, often is an accepted definition for the word and makes sense objective: the mathematical nature of this definition means that it is clear what is defined as abnormal and what is not. Defining abnormalitywhat is abnormal psychologythe distinction between 'normal' and 'abnormal' behaviour is not clear-cutpsychologists have tried to define abnormality in several different waysthe interaction below shows four ways of defining abnormality but the explanations are jumbled up drag and drop the definitions to the correct terms//limitations of definitions of abnormalityall.
It sees abnormal behaviour as being caused by underlying (hidden and significant) psychological forces of which an individual is probably unaware the third is the behavioural model it views abnormal behaviour as maladaptive (poorly adapted. Limitations of the deviation from social norms definition of abnormality eccentric behaviours, such as running naked across a rugby pitch during a rugby match, are not necessarily abnormal criminal behaviours, such as committing fraud, violate social norms, but they are not necessarily indicative of psychological abnormality. Drag and drop the definitions to the correct terms//limitations of definitions of abnormalityall four definitions in the table above have drawbacks as adequate definitions of abnormalitycriticisms of these definitions are:statistical infrequency: does not account for social acceptability or type of behaviour.
(b) describe limitations associated with attempts to define abnormality (6 marks) statistical infrequency: most people suffer psychological problems at some time in their lives hence psychological problems are statistically normal many psychological attributes are assumed to be normally distributed, eg iq scores. It is a view of abnormality that sees mental disorders as being caused by genetic and biochemical factors it is seen as illness or disease the second view is that of the psychodynamic model it sees abnormal behaviour as being caused by underlying (hidden and significant) psychological forces of which an individual is probably unaware.
This definition of abnormality is an example of cultural relativism one limitation of the deviation of social norms definition is that norms can vary over time this means that behavior that would have been defined as abnormal in one era is no longer defined as abnormal in another.
Abnormality, as defined by eysenck and flanagan (2000), means deviating from what is normal or usual this definition is straightforward however, it is not that easy to define normality (conforming to a standard.